Dying without a will
It is a common but unfounded belief that the State will take over your assets if you die without a Will.
The Intestate Succession Act, no. 81 of 1987, sets out the rules of how the estate of a person who died without a Will should be divided between his/her family members. It specifically makes provision for a surviving spouse, by ensuring that the spouse will inherit the first R250 000 or a child’s share of the Estate, whichever is more. A child’s share is calculated by dividing the value of the intestate estate by the number of children of the deceased (both surviving the deceased and deceased children who passed away leaving descendants), plus the number of spouses who have survived the deceased.
Problems arise where the deceased held immovable property, as the above rules would have the effect of the surviving spouse and all the children (or grandchildren representing a predeceased child) inheriting immovable property jointly.
Where the deceased is survived by children only, and they in turn have minor children, matters become even more complicated. There may be problems about who will pay the costs of the administration of the estate and the costs of transferring the immovable property to the heirs, and co-ownership of the property by a number of family members may be impractical and give rise to disputes.
Prevention is better than cure in these circumstances. To ensure that a surviving spouse or one child inherit the immovable property as sole owner, to avoid complicated and possibly contentious sharing, you should draw up your Will accordingly.
Should you wish to draw up a Will or simply revise your existing Will, please contact our Estate and Trust Department.
This article is a general information sheet and should not be used or relied on as legal or other professional advice. No liability can be accepted for any errors or omissions nor for any loss or damage arising from reliance upon any information herein. Always contact your legal adviser for specific and detailed advice. Errors and omissions excepted (E&OE)
Author Sisteen Geyser - Director, Estates and Trust Department at Cluver Markotter